Prospects for 2022 - Defense and Public Security

Justice and Public Security

In 2021, the Ministry of Justice and Public Security used around 99% of its budget on actions that included international cooperation, economic and consumer defense, the use of new technologies and humanitarian actions. Around 13,000 police operations were created, and, chosen by the Federal Audit Court (TCU), it was ranked first in the Governance Index.

Among the actions carried out, there are those jointly with the Ministry of the Environment in the river bases of the Amazon region, in favor of the fight against crime in the locality. Another initiative was Brazil's accession to the Cyber Crime Convention in Budapest, Hungary. The initiative has the participation of 66 countries and aims to facilitate and strengthen the means available to prevent and tackle cybercrime, being the first treaty in the world on the subject.

The MJSP also debated on Personal Protective Equipment (PPE). In November, a Public Hearing for discussion and submission of suggestions to the Draft Technical Standard for Personal Protective Equipment for Structural Fire Fighting for Public Safety professionals took place. The project aims to establish minimum quality and performance requirements applicable to the supply of these items for the professional activity of public security, in order to guarantee the safety, efficiency and reliability of these products. The event is held as part of the National Program for Standardization and Certification of Public Security Products (Pro-security).

The notification of companies for abusive acts to consumers was also a recurring theme. In the Chamber of Deputies, the Consumer Protection Commission (CDC) discussed Bill (PL) 533/2019, on a resisted claim, with extensive debates, but there was no vote and the matter awaits changes in the report by Deputy Júlio Delgado ( PSB/MG). In the Public Security and Combating Organized Crime Commission (CSPCCO), a highlight was the approval of the favorable opinion to the Bill (PL) 2688/2019, which establishes procedures for dispatching firearms and ammunition on regular domestic flights. The bill awaits inclusion in the agenda of the Traffic and Transport Commission (CVT). Furthermore, the reorganization of the National Consumer Defense System (SNDC) in December is noteworthy.

The fight against piracy was the subject of Resolution No. 3, of December 3, 2021, which approved the National Plan to Combat Piracy, Smuggling, Tax Evasion arising from them and crimes against intellectual property (PNCP 2022-2025) . The document was prepared by the National Council for Combating Piracy and Crimes Against Intellectual Property (CNCP), and is divided into 62 short, medium and long-term goals structured in the Institutional, Prevention and Protection, Training and Educational axes. 

Defense

The Ministry of Defense took advantage of 2021 to develop strategic Defense projects in order to guarantee technological autonomy, commercial partnerships and boost the economy of international cooperation. In addition, a conflict between indigenous people and prospectors in the Yanomami indigenous land, in Roraima, made the Brazilian Army decide to intervene in the region, an issue that was criticized by local leaders and protection NGOs.

Minister Walter Braga Netto signed an ordinance instituting the Integrity Program of the Ministry of Defense (MD), which aims to promote the adoption of institutional measures aimed at preventing, detecting, punishing and remedying practices of corruption, fraud, ethical deviations and conduct in the body. The strengthening of the Defense Industrial Base (IDB) was also the subject of tangible efforts in conjunction with the Italian Ministry of Defense. The cooperation aims to develop scientific and technological development actions that can benefit both countries and help improve the work of the base, which represents about 4,78% of Brazil's Gross Domestic Product (GDP).

OUTLOOK FOR 2022

Justice and Public Security

Minister Anderson Torres affirmed the ministry's interest in strengthening phase 2 of Operation Guardians of the Biome, which would be aimed at combating fires, but should have its action expanded and also combat environmental crimes and deforestation in the region. The forecast is that the Ministry will double the strength of the project to reach numbers higher than those of last year, in which around 8,000 police officers were employed and R$60 million reais invested.

In January, a data protection booklet with guidelines for consumers was published. In the document, procedures on how to act in situations such as data leaks or illicit use are explained. The material was prepared by the National Consumer Defense Council, in partnership with the National Data Protection Authority (ANPD). The topic, widely discussed after the Central Bank's disclosure that thousands of PIX keys were criminally leaked and the attack on the Ministry of Health and the Conect SUS application, could be dealt with a lot this year.

Defense

The use of new technologies and more efficient resources, mainly invested in defense products, can be a bet for the Ministry. Another important project is the Calha Norte Program (PCN), which intends to start 2022 with an increase of 40% in the number of municipalities served compared to last year. R$ 625.9 million investments are planned for carrying out infrastructure works, such as bridges, paving roads and implementing an electrical grid and public lighting system. The resources will also be invested in the acquisition of equipment, including trucks, tractors, backhoe loaders and in the improvement of infrastructure and in the purchase of goods in barracks in the Program's area of operation.

Technology and bilateral agreements

In February, President Jair Bolsonaro went to Russia to meet with President Vladimir Putin. The trip was frowned upon by the media and some trading partners, such as the United States, due to the recent conflict between the country and Ukraine. On the occasion, new initiatives in the area of defense were debated, and the focus was concentrated on strengthening bilateral military cooperation between the countries at the Meeting of Consultations on Foreign Affairs and Defense. The use of new technologies in fields such as information, biotechnology, nanotechnology, artificial intelligence and research were exemplified as main points of action from the development of the Brazil-Russia Technological Alliance. The permanent entry of Brazil into the United Nations Security Council (UNSC) and the election to a non-permanent seat for the 2022-2023 biennium was a position defended by the Russian leader. 

Some international documents and treaties were cited and reaffirmed at the meeting, with emphasis on:

  • The Convention on the Prohibition of the Development, Production and Stockpiling of Biological or Toxic Weapons and on Their Destruction (BWC);
  • Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons (NPT);
  • Comprehensive Nuclear Test Ban Treaty (CTBT);
  • Collaboration with the Organization for the Prohibition of Chemical Weapons (OPCW).

Thus, it is expected that the actions intended by the two leaders will be developed along the government agenda throughout 2022, especially with regard to actions that include trade agreements.

Bulletin updated on 02/22/2022

Prepared by the team of Umbelino Lôbo: Stella Souza, Advisor.

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